A Mosaic Palace - Freemasonry and the Art of Memory
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The Warden of the Lodge. . .shall take trial of the art of memory and science thereof of every fellow craft and every apprentice according to their vocation and in case that they have lost any point thereof. . . pay the penalty as follows for their slothfulness.. . Second Schaw Statutes of 1599.
Issued by William Schaw, the royally appointed Master of the Works, the Statutes gave a code of rules governing the activities of operative masons in Scotland. Its often considered the first conception of Freemasonry as exists today.
During the sixteenth century Art of Memory had far greater connotations than it may to the modern reader. It referred to a specific set of memory disciplines and techniques whereby one would create a memory palace. This could be based on areal or imaginary place which, using intensive imagination, one would build up in the memory to the degree that it could be easily visited and used as a kind of mnemonic storehouse.
By Schaws time, this art of memory existed in many different forms. Not only was it commonly believed to be a very good method of memorising speeches, but also a great form of moral training - a goal common to Freemasonry. Beyond this,there were some who believed that this mysterious art had far more potential and could even have supernatural effects on the world.
So why did Schaw make it mandatory for Masons to practice the art of memory, and why did they need to be tested in this art? Was it a reference to Masonic ritual and if so, does this mean the Masonic lodge is a form of memory palace? If this is indeed the case, then by exploring what school of mnemonics it evolved from it can tell us something of the intentions behind the ritual. Was Masonry developed as a form of moral training for good Christian builders, or could its rituals have evolved from a more ambitious or mystical purpose?
What others are saying about the Mosaic Palace:
A Mosaic Palace -Freemasonry and the Art of Memory.(published by Lewis Masonic)
Now that was an intriguing title. Ive known for some time that Martin was interested in the ancient systems of memory and this little book is a review of the most important ones for Freemasons to know about.Martin starts with an overview of William Schaws Statutes which reminds masters of lodge that they are responsible for teaching the Art of Memory to their brethren, then he goes on to discuss what this Art of Memory consists of.He starts with Ciceros advice in On Oratory on how to memorise epic poems and complex myths and the seating plan of his audience. In this section he introduces the idea of memory palace where clues are left within the rooms of the palace to help the user to remember the sequence of story, poem or piece of ritual. He also covers Aristotles ideas for using mnemonics. The book goes onto discuss Christian Memory techniques citing St Augustines use of mnemonics as described within Confessions. This book is a wonderful overview of the traditional techniques of memorising which were used by early philosophers, Christian mystics, bards, storytellers, and the earliest practitioners of Freemasonry, and it also reveals the deep spiritual purpose of the our Ancient Art of Memory. I found it so compelling I forgot to putin down until I had read it completely.
Dr Robert Lomas - Best Selling Author of the Hiram Key
A basic precept of Freemasonry is that the discourse of Masonic ritual is conducted from memory. The thesis of Martin Faulks’s remarkable booklet is that the layout of the Lodge Room, the symbolic articles it contains and the movements made within it, are a relic of an ancient structured system for enhancing the art of memory, prevalent at a time when oral traditions of learning prevailed and access to the written word was limited. The principal technique described is the construction of a ‘Memory Palace’ – an imaginary environment in which matters to be memorised are associated with triggering images that are placed in defined locations within it. The author postulates that, in the Masonic context, the Lodge Room forms the Memory Palace and the furniture, jewels, tracing boards, etc. are the triggers for the recall of the extended moral and spiritual principles which they represent. The author introduces descriptions of Memory Palaces from historical accounts and illustrates how the technique was used within Classical, Christian and Hermetic traditions. He suggests that the internalisation of religious or moral principles produces identification with them and a consequential tendency to express the teachings in everyday life. Thus, the exercise of this art through Masonic ritual becomes a major influence in the practice of the moral virtues of Masonic philosophy. Highly recommended, not only to Freemasons but as a fascinating insight into a lost school of mental discipline.
The subtitle ‘Freemasonry and the Art of Memory’ indicates exactly what this short and snappy booklet is about. Martin Faulks, at Lewis Masonic publishers, starts from a passage in the Second Schaw Statutes of 1599: ‘The Warden of the Lodge shall take trial of the Art of Memory and Science thereof, of every Fellow Craft and every Apprentice according to their vocation …’. In a very concise manner Faulks presents a clear view on the development of the ‘Art of Memory’, the applied power of creative imagination. He distinguishes three periods: that of the Classical Antiquity, Greek and Roman; then the Christian period in the Middle Ages and finally the ‘Hermetic’ periods of Renaissance and Enlightenment. A distinctive feature of the Art of Memory is the construction of a mental ‘memory palace’, in which all elements are linked to connotations, words, sentences or complete statements. In the early ‘Christian Art of Memory’ the most common forms of a memory palace were of course provided by biblical subjects and scenes, such as Noah’s Ark and Solomon’s Temple. These applications were meant to teach ethics and morals. From the sixteenth century on the Hermetic Art of Memory is being developed with influences from alchemy, hermeticism and cabbala, with a strong magical tendency. The cultivation of virtues and morals can thus be seen as an important goal of masonic rituals, expressed in The Netherlands by ‘becoming a better man.’ The Art of Memory is the main means to master the ritual, the script and wordings of the ceremony, in order to grasp the contents and internalize their meaning. The lay-out of a masonic lodge, with its fixed places for certain practical and symbolical objects and stations of officers and other persons, fulfils the requirements of a Memory Palace. As in the Christian Art of Memory, Freemasonry has from its beginning on made use of ‘catechisms’, ‘educational dialogues’ as a means of teaching. Martin Faulks demonstrates to which extent the contents of Freemasonry have sprung from the Christian Art of Memory, whereby the rituals have assimilated influences from Renaissance thought and Hermetic and Rosicrucian traditions. This booklet of just about 45 pages is a must for every masonic student, since the author very clearly summarizes and demonstrates the origins of masonic ritual. R.A. Luder Alkmaar, The Netherlands, 13th February 2019